The vision of this project is to better understand and measure the nature of social resilience in cultural systems of various scales vis-à-vis environmental change, and it is a central motivation for the project that a redefined concept of social resilience must be able to take into account the complexity of social and cultural systems as a bottom-up complexity. This implies that multiple actions, expectations and regulations fuse into a shared sense of society as a consistent space for social and moral orientation that is never given or prefabricated. In this perspective, resilience is an emergent quality of all responsible social action; it is the rule and not the exception of social life, given that all societies must demonstrate a degree of flexibility to operate and ultimately to survive. Resilience is not simply a question of systemic (social or cultural) adaptation to external factors, but a constitutive element of any working society. This is where a new key to social resilience in relation to changing environments is to be found - and potentially harnessed into global measures of mitigation.